The World Health Organization (WHO) recently organized the World Conference on Health Promotion in China. Under the title “Health Promotion in the SDGs: Health for all and all for health”, among other things, it has served for the publication of a new infographic in which they offer 12 tips to enjoy good health.
Again, these recommendations show that much of good health depends on our lifestyle and our daily choices. As you can see, they go beyond good nutrition and physical activity, although these are the pillars of a healthy lifestyle.
1. HEALTHY DIET
A healthy diet helps protect us from malnutrition in all its forms, as well as non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer.
However, the current lifestyle, with an increase in the production of processed foods, does not help the monitoring of balanced diets. Now consume more hypercaloric foods, more saturated fats, more trans-type fats, more free sugars and more salt. In contrast, many people do not eat enough fruits, vegetables and dietary fiber, such as whole grains, essential for a good diet.
2. ACTIVE LIFE
Sport on a daily basis and adapted to the specific needs of each person is very important for a healthy life. The lack of physical activity is among the main risk factors for health and mortality worldwide. Thus, sedentary lifestyle increases the chances of suffering from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. In data, it is important to indicate that around the world one in four adults does not have a sufficient level of physical activity. And there is no such thing either. In an adult, 150 minutes per week of moderate physical activity are enough to begin to obtain benefits.
The controversy over vaccination is well known. Not everyone agrees with the fact of making vaccination the axis of health prevention. We are not going to enter this debate, because it would give for even more than one article. We invite you to read some of the myths that according to the WHO fly over the question of vaccines. But we also want to refer you to another more critical source with them, the Vaccine Choice Canada. It is a complicated issue and difficult to position.
Continue Reading: What is healthy eating?
4. AVOID TOBACCO
In any of its forms, both active and passive. Tobacco use is one of the main risk factors for several chronic diseases, such as cancer and pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. Despite this, its consumption is widespread throughout the world.
5. AVOID OR REDUCE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
Every year there are 3.3 million deaths in the world due to the harmful consumption of alcohol, which is a causal factor in more than 200 diseases and disorders. Although it seems very complicated to eliminate it completely, limit it. Consume it only the weekend if you want, but do not forget that alcohol represents calories drinks and that it fattens enough.
6. STRESS MANAGEMENT
Stress management is key to better physical and mental health, since in the long term it can be a direct generator of potentially serious problems. It also increases the likelihood of having long-term heart disease. Resting and disconnecting from this society of immediacy can help you to stop, to rest, to reconnect with your sense of well-being.
7. GOOD HYGIENE
Diarrhea, cholera or scabies are among the main diseases linked to lack of hygiene and sanitation. Not being able to go to the bathroom in conditions, following incorrect hygiene practices (especially washing hands), eating unwashed fruits or vegetables, or drinking contaminated water are some of the risk factors for which we can get sick. These practices are closely related to habits, but they also have a lot to do with the geographical area where they live. There are some of these very disadvantaged in which, even if you want, it is very complicated to establish good hygiene practices.
8. RESPONSIBLE DRIVING
By this we mean driving at an adequate speed and without the effects of alcohol. More than 1.25 million people die each year as a result of traffic accidents, especially people from 15 to 29 years old. According to the WHO, if firm measures are not applied to avoid it, by 2030, traffic accidents will be the seventh cause of death. The main risk factors are driving too fast and driving under the influence of alcohol or other psychoactive substances.
9. SAFE DRIVING
It is important to fasten your seatbelt and put on your helmet when riding a bicycle or motorcycle. Using a motorcycle helmet correctly can reduce the risk of death by almost 40%, and the risk of serious injury by more than 70%. On the other hand, the use of the safety belt decreases the risk of death of the front occupants of a vehicle between 40% and 50%, and between 25% and 75% of the rear seat occupants. Finally, when properly installed, child restraints reduce infant deaths by approximately 70%, and for young children by 54% to 80%.
10. SECURE SEXUALITY
The use of contraceptives and the practice of responsible sex are key elements of a healthy life, since thanks to this, the risk of communicable diseases is reduced and contagion is avoided.
11. PERIODIC MEDICAL REVIEWS
Much of current medicine is based on prevention. Advances in diagnosis have made it possible to detect diseases at their earliest stages, with which life expectancy increases and the costs associated with the disease are reduced. This is especially important in diseases such as cancer, in which early diagnosis is key to survival.
12. NATURAL BREASTFEEDING
It has been found that breastfeeding is best for babies. It promotes healthy growth and improves cognitive development. In addition, it can provide long-term benefits, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity and of suffering from noncommunicable diseases later in life. The WHO recommends breastfeeding exclusively breast milk during the first 6 months of life, and that it continue at least until 2 years (along with complementary foods).